Cell Therapy

Cell therapy (also called cellular therapy or cytotherapy) is therapy in which cellular material is injected into a patient; this generally means intact, living cells. Cell therapy is the subject of intense research and the basis of potential therapeutic benefit. Autologous cell therapy, where the donor and the recipient of the stem cells are the same people, is distinguished from allogenic cell therapy where the donor is a different person to the recipient of the cells.

In pharmaceutical manufacturing, the allogenic methodology is promising because unmatched allogenic therapies can form the basis of “off-the-shelf” products. Cell therapy is targeted at many clinical indications in multiple organs and by several modes of cell delivery. Accordingly, the specific mechanisms of action involved in the therapies are wide ranging. Some of the cells used in cell therapy include stem cells, T cells, dendritic cells, natural killer cells, genetically modified cells, plasma cells, and red blood cells.

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TYPES OF CELL THERAPY

Regenerative medicine and immunotherapy are types of cell therapy. Each of includes a host of therapeutic approaches used to treat and potentially cure some of the world’s most depilating conditions and diseases. Regenerative medicine uses biotechnology to replace or regenerate human cells, tissues or organs in the human body, while immunotherapy fights disease by altering the body’s response in order to enhance cells within the immune system which fight disease and block those cells which interfere with the body’s own defense system.